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The Kano Society - Principles of Judo

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The Kano Society - Principles of Judo

Postby Francis Takahashi » Thu Aug 02, 2012 1:39 pm

Compliments of the website for the The Kano Society
Percy Sekine

Kanō Jigorō (嘉納 治五郎?, 28 October 1860 – 4 May 1938) Founder of Judo.

Judo was the first Japanese martial art to gain widespread international recognition, and the first to become an official Olympic sport. Pedagogical innovations attributed to Kanō include the use of black and white belts, and the introduction of dan ranking to show the relative ranking between members of a martial art style. Well-known mottoes attributed to Kanō include "Maximum Efficiency with Minimum Effort" and "Mutual Welfare and Benefit."

In his professional life, Kanō was an educator. Important postings included serving as director of primary education for the Ministry of Education (文部省 Monbushō?) from 1898–1901, and as president of Tokyo Higher Normal School from 1901 until 1920.[2] He played a key role in making judo and kendo part of the Japanese public school programs of the 1910s.

Kanō was also a pioneer of international sports. Accomplishments included being the first Asian member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) (he served from 1909 until 1938); officially representing Japan at most Olympic Games held between 1912 and 1936; and serving as a leading spokesman for Japan's bid for the 1940 Olympic Games.

His official honors and decorations included the First Order of Merit and Grand Order of the Rising Sun and the Third Imperial Degree. Kanō was inducted into the IJF Hall of Fame on 14 May 1999.[3]

The Kano Society seeks to maintain close links with the Kodokan in Japan, the original home of Judo. The Society has no intention to supplant any governing body of Judo. It is democratically constituted and all Judoka may apply to join. The Kano Society believe that Judo should be viewed as more than just a sport. It should adhere to the principles laid down by Judo’s founder Jigoro Kano

Principles of Judo

1) Good use of mind and body (seiryoku zenyo),

2) Mutual welfare and benefit (jita kyoei)

3) It should have moral and educational benefits. Trevor Leggett described this as ‘A training for life’. Thus in applying Judo principles to everyday life the Judoka is enabled to achieve balance and self mastery. A spirit of generosity and mutual assistance is integral to traditional Judo.

Study of Judo

In addition to randori and contest training other areas of Judo should be adequately studied. Kata is an essential part of traditional Judo as is the preservation of Japanese terminology and etiquette including correct bowing and the use of white judogi. Judoka should work on the whole range of Judo techniques including ukemi and avoid specialized study of a limited repertoire. The gokyo should be taught and studied and there is also a place for regulated study of specialist areas such as katsu, atemiwaza, kansetsuwaza (other than those already allowed in competition) and self-defence techniques.

Practice of Judo

Randori is the cornerstone of Judo practice. We support intensive training and believe that randori should be its main component involving upright Judo (shizentai) and practice which aims to throw cleanly for ippon. We deprecate over-reliance on bent posture (jigotai) and such techniques as leg grabs and holds which pull the opponent down into a crouch as being detrimental to good Judo practice. The aim is injury-free Judo especially between higher and lower grades and between stronger and weaker people

Shiai – contest- is an important aspect of training. We support experimentation with the contest rules to discover a formula for clean upright Judo.

Kangeiko (the winter training period) has a valuable role.
Francis Takahashi
Posts: 411
Joined: Fri Nov 06, 2009 5:51 pm

Re: The Kano Society - Principles of Judo

Postby Carina Rei » Fri Aug 03, 2012 12:22 am

Thank you Francis Sensei for sharing this interesting article, I'd like to add some poetry of judokas in the following site and the Song of Judo by Kyuzo Mifune (written in 1952, published for the 1964 Olympics) , when you click on the name you can also read his article Essential Principles of Judo
Carina Rei
Posts: 461
Joined: Fri Jul 15, 2011 12:50 am
Location: Gran Canaria - Spain

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