Last visit was:

It is currently Thu Aug 16, 2018 12:48 pm

IRIMI, another aiki perspective

Sensei's thoughts and writings

IRIMI, another aiki perspective

Postby Francis Takahashi » Wed Dec 25, 2013 12:41 am

The word “Irimi” in Japanese, has many possible translations. Its most common of uses is to connote movement of some kind as part of a specific purpose or plan of action.

In Aikido, we expressly use the word “irimi” to focus on the principle of “entering”. We can envision entering into a position that at once is beneficial to us, and detrimental to our opponent. By entering into a space or position of advantage for us, it logically follows that it can become a critical point of disadvantage for the opponent by possibly 1) stopping his attack, and his momentum, 2) exposing an area that can become more easily exploited by us, and 3) allowing us to decide on the manner of ending the conflict, perhaps by being benign and merciful, or by being justified in permanently removing our opponent's ability to be a threat in the future.

The concept of “tsukuri” is at play here as well. A well timed “irimi” movement can be part of a well coordinated and planned attempt to remove the threat to ourselves, and set the opponent up for eventual failure in his goal of attacking us. It may include physical contact and technique to accomplish correct 'tsukuri ', but more often it entails correct usage of Ma-ai, Tai sabaki, Tai no Henko, Ki ai, and the principle of moving off his line of attack, and entering his “dead zone”, or blind spot, by positioning yourself in back of his line of sight.

Then there is the principle of “kuzushi”, which naturally follows a well thought out plan of ” tsukuri”, and the proper application of “irimi”. Once you have successfully entered and taken the opponent's balance, then the options are many as to which form of “kake” you choose to use to permanently resolve the threat, and the attack.

In ethical terms, the appropriate use of martial based principles of body mechanics, and the resultant treasury of proven techniques, is a constant topic for review and discussion. So many factors come into play at the moment of decision making, that no standard of “one case fits all” is possible. It remains a personal choice, complete with any of the possible consequences that can follow such a decision.

Nonetheless, we owe it to ourselves as genuine martial artists, to explore and learn all of the principles, theories and possible manifestations of our craft, as well as any of the moral or socially acceptable standards of correct behavior that can apply. Of course, there will always be the legal consequences to consider as well.

Know well that to execute “irimi” correctly, consistently, and with high success, one must be clear in thought and conscience, and be willing and able to fully execute the necessary movements without hesitation or doubt. If it is true that every fight is determined beforehand, then our focus should be on our preparation, and not on fate.
Francis Takahashi
Posts: 411
Joined: Fri Nov 06, 2009 5:51 pm

Re: IRIMI, another aiki perspective

Postby Carina Rei » Wed Dec 25, 2013 1:29 pm

A very instructive and well thought review of the concept of Irimi. I think that it is one of the most important points to train together with the awareness to foresee the attack.

Thank you very much Takahashi Shihan for this very suitable article for the New Year.
Carina Rei
Posts: 461
Joined: Fri Jul 15, 2011 12:50 am
Location: Gran Canaria - Spain

Re: IRIMI, another aiki perspective

Postby Carina Rei » Tue Jan 14, 2014 1:15 am

Here some comments in my spanish blog

AikiGuille says:
Again an excellent reflection by Takahashi Shihan. I personally would emphasize the last paragraph, which talks about the right mental attitude to do the movements fully and without doubt, the psychological factor is crucial to properly defend ourselves.
A hug.

Hi Guillermo,
It's true and it's what you have to train, you have to act correctly, without hesitation and calmly, thank you very much for your comment
a hug

Ricardo Amorim says:
Hello, Carina,
Very good this article by Takahashi Shihan. The last paragraph reminds me of a book in which the author explained that the intention Irimi is unique, no time to think, his life in this unique moment, so it should be a strong entry. The image of a samurai on each side of a narrow bridge is used, and only one passes.
Thank you very much for sharing and translating this excellent article.

Hi Ricardo,
Thank you very much to you for your beautiful complement to the article
a hug

Puedes leer el artículo aquí en español

Bitte lese diesen Artikel hier auf deutsch
Carina Rei
Posts: 461
Joined: Fri Jul 15, 2011 12:50 am
Location: Gran Canaria - Spain

Return to Mental Keiko

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 3 guests